j0318056.gifAnimal Classification j0318056.gif
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The science of classifying organisms is called taxonomy.In order to study living things, scientists classify each organism according to its:Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Today, there are five kingdoms.The one we will be focusing on is animalia. Remember, all of these words come from latin. This kingdom is all about animals. The next category is the phylem.There are several phyla in each kingdom.The phyla start to break the animals into smaller more recognizable groups.The best known phylum is Chordata, which contains all animals with backbones.There is also a group called the Arthropoda (spiders); the Mollusca(snails); the Annelida(segmented worms); the Echinodermata(starfish) and many, many, more.The next category that makes up the phyla is the Class. The class breaks up animals into even more familiar groups.
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Primates
For example, the phylum Chordata is broken down into several classes, including Aves (birds), Reptilia (reptiles), Amphibia (amphibians), Mammalia (mammals) and several others. The next category is the Order. Each class is made up of one or more orders.There are many types of orders.Here are some examples. Mammalia can be broken down into Rodentia (mice, rats), Primates (monkeys), Chiroptera (bats), Insectivora (moles), Carnivora (dogs, cats, weasels), Perissodactyla (horses, zebras), Artiodactyla (cows), CatMouseBunnyDog.jpgProboscidea (elephants) and many more.Orders can then be broken down into Families. The order Carnivora can be broken down into Canidae (dogs), Felidae (cats), Ursidae (bears), Hyaenidae ( wolves),and many more.The next category is the Genus.For example the family Felidae can be broken down in many ways.Like Acinonyx which means(cheetah), or Panthera which means (lion, tiger), or Neofelis (clouded leopard) and finally Felis which means (domestic cats).
Finally, the genus is broken down into the Species. The genus Panthera can be broken down into Panthera leo (lion) and Panthera tigris (tiger). Remember that the genus is always placed in front of the species. We usually call animals by their Species.
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j0318055.gifEndangered Species j0318055.gif



In Indiana, there are 25 endangered or threatened plants and animals.The status of the animals are either endangered or threatened.

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Puma
E
Bat, gray ( //Myotis grisescens//)
E
Bat, Indiana ( //Myotis sodalis//)
E
Blossom, tubercled ( //Epioblasma torulosa torulosa//)
E
Butterfly, Karner blue ( //Lycaeides melissa samuelis//)
E
Butterfly, Mitchell's satyr ( //Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii//)
E
Catspaw, white ( //Epioblasma obliquata perobliqua//)
E
Clubshell ( //Pleurobema clava//)
T
Eagle, bald (lower 48 States) ( //Haliaeetus leucocephalus//)
E
Fanshell ( //Cyprogenia stegaria//)
E
Mucket, pink ( //Lampsilis abrupta//)
E
Pearlymussel, cracking ( //Hemistena lata//)
E
Pearlymussel, white wartyback ( //Plethobasus cicatricosus//)
E
Pigtoe, rough ( //Pleurobema plenum//)
E
Pimpleback, orangefoot ( //Plethobasus cooperianus//)
E
Plover, piping (Great Lakes watershed) ( //Charadrius melodus//)
T
Plover, piping (except Great Lakes watershed) ( //Charadrius melodus//)
E
Pocketbook, fat ( //Potamilus capax//)
E
Puma, eastern ( //Puma concolor couguar//)
E
Riffleshell, northern ( //Epioblasma torulosa rangiana//)
E
Ring pink ( //Obovaria retusa//)
T
Snake, copperbelly water (MI, OH, IN N of 40° N. Lat.) ( //Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta//)
E
Tern, least (interior pop.) ( //Sterna antillarum//)
T
Milkweed, Mead's ( //Asclepias meadii//)
T
Thistle, Pitcher's ( //Cirsium pitcheri//)
E
Clover, running buffalo ( //Trifolium stoloniferum//

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Ever wonder why animals become endangered? Well, most animals get endangered by pollution or when we destroy their natural habitats.In the U.S. there are 735 different types of plants and 496 different types of animals that are either endangered or threatened.There are over 3,500 protected areas around the world that we have protected to try to save these animals.Ever wonder how you can help protect animals around you? Well, the main thing you can do is to reduce,reuse,and recycle.This will help save the animal`s homes. Hopefully you have learned a lot about animal classifications and endangered species.Thanks for reading our page!